Authors: Courtnie J. Paschall, Rajesh P.N. Rao, Jason Hauptmann, Jeffrey G. Ojemann and Jeffrey Herron
Publication: 2022 44th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)
Date: July 11-15, 2022
Virtual reality (VR) offers a robust platform for human behavioral neuroscience, granting unprecedented experimental control over every aspect of an immersive and interactive visual environment. VR experiments have already integrated non-invasive neural recording modalities such as EEG and functional MRI to explore the neural correlates of human behavior and cognition. Integration with implanted electrodes would enable significant increase in spatial and temporal resolution of recorded neural signals and the option of direct brain stimulation for neurofeedback. In this paper, we discuss the first such implementation of a VR platform with implanted electrocorticography (ECoG) and stereo-electroencephalography ( s EEG) electrodes in human, in-patient subjects. Noise analyses were performed to evaluate the effect of the VR headset on neural data collected in two VR-naive subjects, one child and one adult, including both ECOG and s EEG electrodes. Results demonstrate an increase in line noise power (57-63Hz) while wearing the VR headset that is mitigated effectively by common average referencing (CAR), and no significant change in the noise floor bandpower (125-240Hz). To our knowledge, this study represents first demonstrations of VR immersion during invasive neural recording with in-patient human subjects. Clinical Relevance- Immersive virtual reality tasks were well-tolerated and the quality of clinical neural signals preserved during VR immersion with two in-patient invasive neural recording subjects.